Welcome To Nepal Trail Bridge Sector Wide Approach Programme

The Trail bridge Sector Wide Approach Programme (TB SWAp) is a Priority-1 programme for the government of Nepal. It covers all 7 provinces in the country and is guided by the Trail Bridge Strategy 2006, and the Trail Bridge Directives, 2010.

Since 2009, the programme has been implemented through the sector-wide approach and has been led by the government. Technical support is provided by Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) through the Trail Bridge Support Unit/HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation and Regional Technical Assistance Providers (RTAPs).

The first phase, Trail Bridge SWAp Framework-I was for five years (July 2009-June2014). During this period, over 300 trail bridges were completed annually (compared to 150 trail bridges prior to the implementation of the sector-wide approach).

Currently, the programme is being implemented through the Trail Bridge SWAp Framework-II (2014-2019). As per the Constitution of Nepal, rural/urban municipalities have jurisdiction over planning, implementation, monitoring and maintenance of trail bridges within their constituencies. Federal grants are provided to rural/urban municipalities, based on the bridge demands that have been approved by the municipal councils, which along with internal resources are used for the construction of trail bridges.

The two main outcomes of TB SWAp Framework-II are:

  1. Local communities, especially disadvantaged groups, use the trail bridges to improve safe access, to basic services (health, education, markets, farms and employment opportunities)
  2. Government of Nepal, represented by Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD)/Department of Local Infrastructure Development and Agricultural Roads (DoLIDAR) enforces the essence of Trail Bridge Strategy during construction and maintenance of trail bridges

The targets for TB SWAp Framework-II is to construct 2,500 new trail bridges, major maintain 800 trail bridges and routinely maintained over 6,500 trail bridges every year.

Currently, there are over 7,000 trail bridges in Nepal. These bridges are vital to enhance rural mobility by the providing safer river crossings to over 3 million rural people, amongst which 58% belonged to disadvantaged groups. Approximately, 818,600 people cross trail bridges everyday. This has meant that children no longer have to risk their lives daily while going to schools; patients no longer have to take long detours to reach health facilities; daily chores, such as gathering fodder and firewood, take less time and are less risky; and accessing markets is much easier.